Jura Mountains mapping
8 Sep 2020
OpenStreetMap services for the village of Saint-Cergue in Switzerland using the latest developments in open data, analytics and visualisation are being set up in order to map the Jura Mountains' trails, wildlife, historic sites, etc. in detail.
For the Geneva-end of the Jura Mountains starting south of Saint Cergue and extending towards Basle, the main website offers:
- vector tiles using the baremaps OpenStreetMap style - see implementation notes
- vector tiles (demo map of Paris) using a JawgMaps minimal OpenStreetMap style - see implementation notes;
- LULC land use mapping (Corine Landcover Classes)
- OSM web site to manage the editing of OSM data;
- Panoramic trail viewer based on the OpenTrek Explorer;
- OpenRouteService API back-end with the OSR front-end for routing services;
- Area-of-Interest map;
- OSM tag identification application;
- OpenGTS tracking back-end to manage tracking using Android mobile phones, with a database backend;
- Overpass API that serves various services;
- OHSDB, ohsome-API and ohsome2label - see implementation notes
The main site comprises:
- an OpenStreetMap (OSM) back-end tile server with an OSM base layer and a high-resoution Digital Elevation Model (DEM) relief layer (a Swisstopo swissAlti3D product) for detailed mapping;
- a simplified version of the discontinued proof-of-concept TrekView Explorer for the panoramic viewing of trails.
A start has been made with land use - land class (LULC) mapping using OpenStreetMap data. The GLASS osm2lulc package was used to create a LULC shapefile that was split into layers using QGIS GDAL modules. Layers exported from QGIS as geojson files were then combined and converted to .mvt files using lab-geojson2mvt. The .mvt files were simply loaded into an apache2 website.
The aim is to investigate whether or not localised, relatively small-scale LULC maps are sufficiently sensitive for use as the basis for estimating changes in class-derived physical conditions (heat, noise, humidity, wind, light, etc.) that would accompany changes to the LULC arising from the introduction of green infrastruture or high-rise buildings, for example.
Incoporating Sentinel 2 satellite imagery is in progress. As the site is mainly aimed at mapping in detail the Jura Mountains in the south-western corner of Switzerland, the map provides various layers to help identify features. The satellite imagery is a first step for vegetation mapping and habitat detection. Currently available are vegetation indices maps calculated using the Copernicus Sentinel2 10 and 20 metre red and near-infrared bands captured in August to September 2019/20 (they show which of the mountain pastures had been grazed recently and a greater plant stress in 2020 compared to 2019).
The main map site is based on the Ubuntu 18.04 Switch2OSM site that is compatible with a local copy of the Rails port of the OSM website. This allows a JOSM editor to use a rendered map that shows edits (changes to the OSM website database are synchronised with the rendering and Overpass databases, see Rion1 and Rion2).
Details of a Ubuntu 20.04 Switch2OSM rendering site have been released, based presumably on the Postgresql 12 database and the Postgis 3 extension. It is unclear if the OSM website can be upgraded similarly to allow synchronisation of the editing and rendering databases.
Full details will be provided in due course.
The main purpose of the mapping exercise is to providea detailed, hand-on experience with the lateest developments in OSM technologies. These developments are being investigated in a broader context.
20 September 2020